Robotics is the science and technology of the design, construction, operation, and computer software application of robots. Students interested in robotics learn principles of mechanical engineering, electronic engineering and computer science particularly artificial intelligence. They will incorporate their knowledge of biological systems and how they relate to computer systems for their control, sensory feedback, and information processing.
Components of robots:
Actuators are the ‘muscles’ of a robot that convert stored energy into movement. Examples include electric motors or compressed air.
Motors can be DC electrical, piezo motors (ultrasonic motors)
Air muscles provides a pulling force with compressed air.
A common effector is the mechanical and vacuum grippers.
Locomotion occurs with rolling robots. Most mobile robots have four wheels. A two-wheeled balancing robot is the Segway.
In the US, Carnegie Mellon University, MIT and UCLA have undergraduate robotics studies.
The word robot comes from the word robota meaning “self labor” or “hard work” in Czech and Slovak. The origin of the word is the Old Church Slavonic rabota “servitude” (“work” in contemporary Russian).